Greater London Council (G.L.C.)

Date Established:
1966
Date Trading Ceased:
31 Mar 1986
Greater London Council (G.L.C.)

In 1966, the Greater London Council (G.L.C.) took over the strategic government of London from the London County Council (L.C.C.). The new council had powers over a larger area than its predecessor, following the recommendations of the Royal Commission on Local Government in 1957.

The Royal Commission had argued that London needed larger units of government, councils that could operate strategically and were 'large enough and strong enough to carry out the main range of local government functions'. The worry at the time was that national government would take on the role of running the capital if London's local government remained small in scale.

Despite its larger area, the G.L.C. was a less powerful body than the L.C.C. Many of the L.C.C's old responsibilities passed to the local borough councils. Education in inner London passed to a completely new organisation, the Inner London Education Authority (I.L.E.A.).

The G.L.C. focused its work on roads, transport and strategic planning. In 1969, it published The Greater London Development Plan, which promised to 'liberate' economic enterprise, to 'treasure' London's character, to 'conserve' its fabric of buildings, and to 'balance' homes, work and transport.

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