This silver brooch represents a toffee hammer and has the inscription 'Votes for Women'. The Women's Social and Political Union (W.S.P.U.) commissioned brooches like this for presentation to suffragettes who had taken part in the window-smashing campaign of 1912. This brooch was probably presented to Agnes Kelly. Militant suffragettes used toffee hammers to smash the windows of shops and business and government offices. The protest was designed to disrupt public life and put pressure on the government to introduce a female suffrage bill. In November 1911, window smashing became an official W.S.P.U. policy. Attacks on property over the following months resulted in the arrest of over 200 women, many of whom received sentences of up to two months in Holloway Gaol.
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© Museum of London

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