During the 1960s London developed a new sense of itself. It became officially larger when its government was reorganised as 'Greater London'. It also got a new image as the capital of youth and anti-establishment values. Buildings and skirts went higher: hair got longer: music got louder. Carnaby Street and the King's Road became as famous as Piccadilly Circus and Trafalgar Square.
London began to look more futuristic as high rise buildings and inner-city motorways changed the look of the streets. Despite new restrictions on entry, Commonwealth citizens continued to come to the capital to live and work. The long standing problem of race discrimination began to be tackled with the first Race Relations Act.
London's population, 1961
Greater London: 7,992,443 people
Inner London: 3,200,484 people
London's economy and jobs
London's economy started to develop worrying signs during the 1960s. Trade with Commonwealth countries halved as London lost cargoes that had previously been secured through trade protection schemes. Plans took shape to shift London's docks downstream to Tilbury. In 1969, St Katharine's Docks at Wapping became the first of the old upriver docks to shut.
During the decade London lost 360,000 jobs in manufacturing, including 5,500 when the massive AEI factory at Woolwich closed in 1968. It gained 190,000 office jobs and London began to develop a new sector of its economy - tourism. The London Tourist Board was created in 1963.
- 1962 London smog kills 750 people from respiratory diseases
- 1962 Immigration Act limits migration from Commonwealth countries
- 1965 Race Relations Act outlaws racial discrimination in certain activities
- 1966 Anti-Vietnam War demonstrations
- 1963 Mill bank Tower
1965 Post Office Tower
- 1966 Centrepoint
- 1968 Queen Elizabeth Hall and Purcell Room
- 1968 collapse of Ronan Point brings a backlash against high rise buildins
- 1963 Dartford Tunnel opens
- 1968 A new tube line, The Victoria Line, opens
What are these?
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